Cucumber, benefits, properties, precautions

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Cucumber is a type of vegetable that Thai people know and are familiar with. It is often used as a dipping sauce, various chili pastes, fermented soybean paste, etc., or as a side dish for single dishes such as chicken rice and red pork rice. In addition to enhancing the taste of the main dish, it can also help combat greasy food. In addition, cucumbers have other benefits. 

Get to know cucumbers

Cucumber (Cucumber) is an annual plant that originates from India. It is a plant in the same family as gourds, pumpkins, watermelons, gourds, bitter gourds, and cucumbers are easy to grow plants. fast growth It has a taproot and many branch roots. 

The stem looks like a creeping vine about 2-3 meters long. The leaves have 3-5 corners and have coarse hairs. The tip has a long, pointed shape. The flowers have 5 yellow petals. The fruit is cylindrical from 5-40 centimeters long. There are seeds inside. In the middle, the whole fruit can be eaten.

Nutritional value of cucumbers

One cucumber contains up to 96.4% water,  2.8% carbohydrates , 0.4% protein , 0.1% fat and various minerals such as 

  • Iron 
  • phosphorus 
  • calcium 
  • Vitamin C 
  • Vitamin B 

In addition, the fruit of cucumbers also contains many types of enzymes, such as protein-digesting enzymes, succinic malic dehydrogenase and ascorbic acid oxidase. acid oxidase) The vine and seeds contain high amounts of phosphorus.

Benefits of cucumber

  • Helps reduce temperature or heat within the body During the summer, it is best to eat cucumbers.
  • Helps maintain balance within the body, such as maintaining blood sugar levels. Puts the immune system in a more optimal state
  • Helps with the digestive system to be more complete.
  • Helps with disinfection Inhibits the growth of bacteria in the mouth
  • Helps retain moisture for the skin. Makes the skin cleaner and brighter. and tightened pores
  • Helps prevent dehydration. Because cucumbers contain water. Over 90 percent
  • Helps reduce stomach acid
  • Contains anthoxanthin, which helps reduce inflammation and pain. There was an experiment that found that Cucumber extract can moderately relieve inflammation and pain in osteoarthritis patients.
  • It helps eliminate waste that remains within the body and also helps dissolve hard lumps that are inside the kidneys.
  • Helps strengthen memory Promote brain function It can also help treat Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Contains antioxidants Can help delay the appearance of wrinkles on the face.
  • There was an experiment that found that Cucumber seed extract can help reduce blood cholesterol.

Medicinal properties of cucumber

  • The results,  when taken orally, have cooling properties. Helps reduce heat within the body, acts as a diuretic, reduces fever, and relieves thirst. Used to treat sore throats, red eyes, scalds, and rashes, or eaten as a side dish with chili paste. Or can be used to cook food.
  • The leaves,  when eaten fresh, have a bitter taste and are slightly toxic. Can be used as a remedy for diarrhea or dysentery.
  • The seeds or the flesh inside the seeds  have a cool, nutty taste when eaten. It will help with deworming very well.
  • The vine  has a bitter taste and is slightly poisonous. Helps to urinate Lower blood pressure Skin disease is a small abscess containing pus. Gonorrhea can be treated.
  • The roots  have a cool taste, help prevent vitamin B1 deficiency and are a diuretic.


  • People with gout should not eat cucumbers in large quantities. Because cucumbers contain uric acid. If eaten in excessive amounts, it will result in increased uric acid in the blood, which is dangerous for the disease.
  • Cucumber is a vegetable that is at risk of causing residues. Because it is a vegetable that pests can easily eat. Most growers therefore often use pesticides to help. If you eat cucumbers continuously for a long time May cause the accumulation of chemical residue. Therefore, before eating cucumbers, you should wash them thoroughly with water every time.
  • Should not be eaten when coughing. If you have a cough, you should avoid eating cucumbers as their cooling effect will make the cough worse.

Cucumber is a vegetable that is easily available in the market and is also cheap. But the benefits you receive far outweigh the price. The main benefits of cucumbers can be seen that cucumbers help in balancing the body. Helps in nourishing the skin to look better.

Ideas for eating cucumbers for health

1. Stir-fried cucumber with egg

Prepare the ingredients by taking about 5 small cucumbers and washing them with clean water. Cut it into 2 halves, then cut diagonally. Prepare 2 eggs, 2-3 tablespoons of oil, 1 tablespoon of minced garlic, 1 tablespoon of oyster sauce, 1 teaspoon of sugar, and 1 tablespoon of black soybean paste. 

The process starts with setting up a pan and adding oil until it’s hot. Followed by minced garlic and stir fry until fragrant. Add cucumbers and stir until hot. Followed by chicken eggs Stir to combine. Then season with oyster sauce. Sugar and soybean paste Stir to combine. Spoon onto a plate and eat with hot steamed rice.

2. Cucumber Yogurt Salad

Take 1 medium sized cucumber and wash it thoroughly with water. Cut into glasses. Then cut it in half again into bite-sized pieces. Add 2 cups of other salad vegetables of your choice, 1/4 cup of Greek yogurt, 30 grams of walnuts or other nuts for garnishing the salad, salt and pepper.

The process starts with preparing the salad and placing it on a plate. Then add cucumber, yogurt and your favorite nuts, pepper or a little salt. Let’s mix it together. Then pour it over the salad prepared on the plate. Garnish with walnuts. It’s finished. You will get a simple menu. For health

3. Stuffed cucumber soup

Prepare the mixture by taking 4-5 small cucumbers and washing them thoroughly with water. Peel the skin, cut crosswise into 2 pieces, use a knife to scoop out the insides. Take 200 grams of minced pork, coriander roots, garlic, pepper and pound together 1 tablespoon, 1 tablespoon tapioca starch/corn starch, 1 tablespoon oyster sauce, 2 tablespoons soy sauce, 1 tablespoon salt. /4 teaspoons, mix well and leave for about 10 minutes. 

The process starts with taking 2 coriander roots and 2 cloves of garlic and crushing them. Set a pot with enough water to put in the crushed coriander roots and garlic. While waiting for the water to boil, take the marinated minced pork. Stuffed into cucumbers that have had their guts removed. 

When the water boils, add the prepared stuffed cucumbers. Season with salt. Soy sauce as desired. Boil for about 15-20 minutes. Season with salt. Soy sauce as desired When boiling, scoop into a bowl. Eat with hot steamed rice. Another simple menu For health lovers